Agra is one of the cities of west Uttar Pradesh, which is famous all over the world due to Taj Mahal. It is also known as the City of Taj. Apart from Taj Mahal, Agra has several famous historical monuments to offer such as Fatehpur Sikri and Red Fort. Located near the River Yamuna, this historical city is also called the Theatre of the Titans. It is just 203 kilometers away from Delhi. It is a vibrant center for art and religious philosophies that have enriched mankind and shaped human over centuries. Apart from historical monuments, this city is also famous for leatherwork, footwear, brass wear, carpets, jewellery and embroidery works.
If we revert to the history of Agra, this city has seen the rise and fall of many Mughal emperors. The earliest reference for Agra comes from the epical age, when Mahabharata refers to Agra as Agravana. In the sources prior to this, Agra has been referred as Arya Griha or the abode of the Aryans. The first person who referred Agra by its modern name was Ptolemy. Though the heritage of Agra city is linked with the Mughal dynasty, numerous other rulers also contributed to the rich past of this city. Modern Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi (Lodhi dynasty; Delhi Sultanate) in the 16th century. Babar (founder of the Mughal Dnasty) also stayed for sometime in Agra and introduced the concept of square Persian-styled gardens here.
Taj Mahal is the major tourist attraction of Agra, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan, in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz. One of the wonders of the world Taj Mahal is the symbol of love. There are also several famous historical monuments beyond Taj Mahal. Built in the sixteenth century Red Fort of Agra is the splendid glorious example of marvel architecture. Fatehpur Sikri is an imperial capital built by Akbar in the hill of Sikri 39 km west of Agra, which is the abode place of saint Salim. The garden of Sikandra is built on the tomb of Akbar, which he himself designed before his death.
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